CUI ⟾ or DBPEDIA ⟾
Ex: C0006933 C0007102 C0007203 C3175196    or    http://dbpedia.org/resource/Nosebleed    http://dbpedia.org/resource/Leg

CUI: C0020502   Hyperparathyroidism 
WHAT: Hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism: a condition due to an increase in the secretion of the parathyroids, causing generalized osteitis fibrosa cystica, elevated serum calcium, decreased serum phosphorus, and increased excretion of both calcium and phosphorus. WHY: Several rheumatological disorders are associated with hyperpara- thyroidism. First, hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis (which may mimic hyperparathyroidism with renal stone formation and colic) have an increased incidence in patients with hyperparathyroidism. Second, patients with primary hyperparathyroidism show an increased incidence of chondrocalcinosis with episodes of calcium pyrophosphate crystal induced synovitis. Approximately 25% of patients with hyperparathyroidism will show radiographic evidence of calcification of articular cartilage and joint capsules. Finally, there can be a synovial and cartilaginous lesion ("osteogenic synovitis") in patients with hyperparathyroidism which may mimic other primary rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. In osteogenic synovitis there is softening and collapse of subchondral bone. Eventually the cartilage overlying this area erodes and is replaced by an irregular fibrocartilage. Eventually the articular surface of the joint is destroyed and secondary degenerative arthritis may develop. REFS: 1) Zvaifler, NJ; Reefe, WE and Black, RL: Articular manifestations in primary hyperparathyroidism. Arthritis Rheum 5:237, 1962. 2) Scott, JT; Dixon, ASJ and Bywaters, EGL: Association of hyperuricemia and gout with hyperparathyroidism. Br Med J 1:1070, 1964. 3) Bywaters, EGL and Scott, JT : Joint lesions of hyperparathyroidism. Ann Rheum Dis 22:171-87, 1963.

rdfs:seeAlso —
http://dbpedia.org/resource/Disease C0000768 C0006111 C0015127 C0205269 C0231218 C1314792 C1331418 C1457887 C0012634 C0026538 C0178685 C0221423 C0231172 C0679215 C0683323 C0683324 C0683337 C0699749 C1514815 C2359469 C3540542
http://dbpedia.org/resource/Psychosis C1518425 C0033936 C0033937 C0033975 C0338614 C1860474
http://dbpedia.org/resource/Nitrous_oxide C0028215

skos:closeMatch —

skos:exactMatch —
http://dbpedia.org/resource/Hyperparathyroidism C0020502


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